TRAILWAYS BUS STATION

Chapel Hill Bus Station 1946Chapel Hill Bus Station 1947

TRAILWAYS BUS STATION

311
,
Chapel Hill
NC
Cross street: 
Built in
1946
Construction type: 
Local Historic District: 
Type: 

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  • Sun, 07/05/2020 - 6:33pm by SteveR

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311
,
Chapel Hill
NC
Cross street: 
Built in
1946
Construction type: 
Local Historic District: 
Type: 

 

Trailways Bus Station, also known as the Chapel Hill Bus Station, the Greyhound Bus Station, and the Union Bus Station, was built in 1946. It was a "segregated" structure, and had separate entrances and waiting rooms according to race.

Chapel Hill Bus Station 1946

1947, view south east (image courtesy of UNC)

Chapel Hill Bus Station 1947

1947, view east; note "Colored Waiting Room" sign (image courtesy of UNC)

1947, interior view (image courtesy of UNC)

1947, interior view (image courtesy of UNC)

 

On April 9, 1947, eight African American and eight white members of CORE (known as the Freedom Riders) set out from Washington, D.C. on Greyhound and Trailways buses; on April 12, both buses arrived in Chapel Hill. As the buses departed Chapel Hill for Greensboro on April 13, four of the riders were arrested. The commotion aboard the buses drew a large crowd of spectators, including several white taxi drivers. The men were taken to the police station, with a fifty dollar bond placed on each man. As white rider James Peck got off the bus to pay their bonds, a taxi driver struck him in the head.  In May 1947, those members who had been arrested went on trial and were sentenced. The riders unsuccessfully appealed their sentences. On March 21, 1949, they surrendered at the courthouse in Hillsborough and were sent to segregated chain gangs.

(The above is from https://www.stoppingpoints.com/north-carolina/sights.cgi?marker=Journey+...)

Sometime between 1960 and 1964, when faced with "sit-in's" and other protests, the Bus Station Grill removed its lunch counter stools and conducted standup food service, irregardless of race.

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